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Alternative motor vehicle credit. This is a tax credit designed to encourage the development, manufacture and use of alternative fuel motor vehicles. Prior to 2011, there were five components to the alternative fuels credit. Four have expired. Only the qualified fuel cell motor vehicle credit remains through December 31, 2014)
Form 8910, Alternative Motor Vehicle Credit, is used to claim the alternative motor vehicle credit. If the vehicle is used for business purposes, the credit amount is also reported on Form 3800, General Business Credit. The credit amount for vehicles used for personal purposes is reported on line 54 of Form 1040.
Two new credits for plug-in electric vehicles. A credit ranging from $2,500 to $7,500 on the purchase of a qualifying passenger vehicle can be claimed on Form 8936, Qualified Plug-in Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Credit. The amount of the credit varies depending on the battery capacity and weight limitations. If your purchase does not qualify for this credit, you still may be eligible for another new credit in the amount of 10 percent of the cost of a new plug-in electric vehicle acquired after February 17, 2009. The maximum credit is $2,500 per vehicle and can be claimed on Form 8834, Qualified Electric and Plug-in Electric Vehicle Credit.